The main building was built to an Early English Gothic architectural design originally, which did away with the earlier use of thick, heavy walls, and rounded arches associated with Norman and Romanesque period by using flying buttresses and ribbed vaulting to relieve the thrust of the building outward, allowing thinner and taller walls to be constructed.
It is assumed that the stone used for the main structural walls is limestone, which has good thermal capacitance typically 3 times that of brick, the walls are solid without cavities and no additional building envelope was added over the years. Limestone emissivity is 0.90 – 0.93.
There is evidence from external inspections that some walls/elevations and roof construction (gable-ends) are made of brick, but it is not known if this is structural, an outer-leaf construction with any kind of cavity, or simply a façade.
The windows appear, and are likely to be, mainly as originally installed, using single glazing to stone or wooden (oak) lintels and frames. Some have shuttering available on the inside.
The roof appears and is likely to be as originally installed (may have been added to over time), with a wooden structure (oak) and clay tiles, with no or limited insulation added over time. Metal lead or zinc material, was used in gullies and valleys. There are numerous areas of tile dislodgement, misalignment, and breakage, consistent with age. Chimneys are uncapped.